Trauma’s effects often place a heavy burden on individuals, families, and communities. Trauma can result from a single incident, such as a car crash, or from chronic, emotional, and physical trauma such as bullying or sexual abuse.
Past trauma can lead to mental and emotional states that hurt a person’s recovery. This is supported by the findings of the landmark Adverse Childhood Experiences Study. The study found a direct link between childhood trauma and adult onset of chronic disease as well as mental and/or substance use disorders.
For example, an individual can develop a substance use disorder to manage the distress of trauma’s effects and traumatic stress symptoms. In turn, an individual’s substance use disorders can be a risk factor for the onset of trauma, such as physical or sexual assault and accidents, as a result of risky behavior.
This episode explores the three “Es” of trauma: Event(s), Experience of Event(s), and Effect. It also emphasizes the fulfilling path to resiliency that helps people tap into their strengths.
SAMHSA’s National Center for Trauma-Informed Care and Alternatives to Seclusion and Restraint offers service providers and the public evidence-based approaches to treat these conditions as trauma-informed approaches become a more central focus in behavioral health care systems.